Tuesday

Special needs Education in Kenya

Special needs education referees to education and training programme formally organized for children with learning and physical disabilities.  The objective of special needs education is to assist those with special needs to develop so that they can realize their full participation in social life and development.
There s a unit at the Ministry of Education head-quarter that is responsible for promotion and coordination of education programmes for those with special learning needs.  Similarly, there is a unit at the Kenya Institute of Education that is responsible for developing the curriculum for special needs education.  The Kenya Institute of Special Education trains teachers for special needs education.
Special needs education caters for children with the following conditions hearing impairment, visual impairment, mentally handicapped, physically handicapped and multiple handicaps.  While a number of primary schools offer special needs education, there are only three secondary schools for the physically handicapped, one each for the blind and the deaf as well as four integrated units for the blind.  There are also three vocational training centers and technical training institute catering for those with special needs.
Special needs education suffers from inadequate funding, lack of clear policy framework, low progress in assessing and placing children with disability, few qualified teachers to handle children with special needs, lack of teaching and learning resources among others. 

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